全球唯一“城市\建筑”双年展
THE ONE AND ONLY BIENNALE
OF URBANISM\ARCHITECTURE IN THE WORLD
Irregular / Informal / Illegal: The Production of Urban Land in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area

McLain Clutter, Maria Arquero / United States; Spain

麦克莱恩•克鲁特、玛丽亚•阿图罗 / 美国;西班牙


This project documents the unique spatial, social, and political structures enabling irregular settlements in Chimalhuacán, a municipality of more than 600,000 residents partially built in the desiccated Texcoco Lakebed, to the east of Mexico City. Our contention is that this ostensibly informal development is in fact carefully planned and executed as a means of social, political, and spatial control of disenfranchised populations by the politically motivated "social organization" Antorcha Campesina. In the absence of effective governmental policies to provide housing for the expanding population of the urban poor, this organization has seized and urbanized unoccupied land, often in disregard of existing ownership, environmental value or regulatory structures. We contend that Chimalhuacán's development has ensued through intricately designed patterns intended to segment the municipality into a cluster of mutually exclusive enclaves. Each enclave is a unit of control, dividing the municipality into statistical abstractions of population in order to suppress collective consciousness. In Chimalhuacán, patterns of enclave development repeat, mirror, and tessellate with quasi-computation proceduralism, constituting a program of expansion and population management scripted to control, occupy, urbanize, and repeat. By parsing Chimalhuacán's development over time, the project renders these strategies visible and reveals the potential for ameliorative future design to instigate critical awareness.


McLain Clutter is an US architect and author, and Maria Arquero de Alarcon is a Spanish urbanist and architect. They are both Associate Professor at the University of Michigan A. Alfred Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning.